Ghost Kitchen Vs. Virtual Restaurant: A Comprehensive Guide

keyKey Takeaways:
  • Ghost kitchens and virtual restaurants are ideal for food lovers to get online food delivery.
  • Ghost kitchens are shared commercial kitchens that allow restaurants to prepare online food orders.
  • Virtual restaurants are a delivery-only model that can be used to prepare food from any existing restaurants.

In recent years, people’s habits have significantly changed. Whether it’s how we work, shop, or dine, the digital age has reshaped our daily routines. Even the pandemic accelerated the adoption of online services, particularly in the food industry, where the demand for delivery options surged as people stayed home. 

Reports suggest that the United States estimated a revenue of 350 billion U.S. dollars in 2024, with more than 95 billion U.S. dollars generated in the meal delivery segment. 

The market is forecast to grow even further by 2028, exceeding the 500-billion mark, as both the online grocery and meal delivery segments are predicted to grow at the same pace. 

This significant shift towards online food delivery has given rise to innovative dining concepts like ghost kitchens and virtual restaurants. Though both these terms are used interchangeably, there is a thin-line difference between them. 

Let’s delve deeper and explore the core difference between these two models, what they mean, and their pros and cons.

What’s the Difference Between Ghost Kitchen and Virtual Restaurant?

Because of the recent technological advancements and changing consumer preferences, these two prominent concepts have emerged as a delivery-only model. The terms ghost kitchens and virtual restaurants are often used interchangeably, but they differ in their setup, working style, and operations.

Here’s what you need to know about each of them:

  • Ghost kitchen: A standalone commercial kitchen with no physical storefront, serving multiple virtual brands. These kitchens may not have their brick-and-mortar counterparts at all. A ghost kitchen can solely exist on the digital platform with no pick-up or drive-in offering. The only way to order food from them is through the websites or apps of their food delivery partners.
  • Virtual restaurant: An extension of an existing restaurant, offering a delivery-only menu from the same kitchen. A virtual restaurant would thus become an added revenue stream for your primary restaurant’s existing business model, bringing in a whole new set of customers. Hence, a virtual restaurant cannot be operated if you do not have at least one brick-and-mortar restaurant in the first place.

Let’s put both these models under a microscope to know the ins and outs of these models more closely. Here we go.

What is a Ghost Kitchen?

Ghost kitchens are commercial cooking places that offer a carefully curated delivery-only menu to their target consumers. Think of them as professional kitchens without a storefront to host customers.

Unlike brick-and-mortar restaurants, you don’t have to invest in a spacious place at a prime location, attractive interiors, worry about parking, and an army of food staff. Instead, it can be easily set up in a small commercial kitchen space or on shared third-party premises alongside other virtual kitchens. What’s more? Such shared spaces often provide you with all the necessary cooking equipment and setups, making your job even easier.

Ghost kitchens are also referred to as virtual kitchens, dark kitchens, and cloud kitchens.

Pros and Cons of Ghost Kitchens


  • Lower startup costs: Ghost kitchens can be established with significantly lower initial investments without a prime location, dining space, or extensive staff.
  • Flexibility: They allow for easy adaptation to changing consumer preferences, enabling operators to experiment with different menus and concepts.
  • Scalability: Ghost kitchens can quickly scale up operations and expand into new markets without the constraints of physical or existing restaurant spaces.
  • Quicker setup: With access to a professional cooking facility loaded with all the necessary kitchen equipment, you can start ghost kitchens in a matter of only a few weeks.


  • Delivery dependence: Success hinges on efficient delivery operations, which can be impacted by external factors such as traffic, weather, and delivery partner reliability.
  • Customer engagement: Without a physical presence, building brand loyalty and customer engagement can be challenging.
  • Operational complexity: Managing high volumes of delivery orders and ensuring food quality during transit requires automated routing systems with advanced algorithms that accelerate operational efficiencies.

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What is a Virtual Restaurant?

A simple definition of a virtual restaurant would be a delivery-only model of an existing restaurant. Let’s say you already own a restaurant and want to introduce another cuisine to your customers. Starting new restaurant brands would be too expensive, time-consuming, and hectic. That’s when you can opt for a virtual restaurant that runs out of the same kitchen as your existing, traditional restaurants.

Think of it as a digital-only storefront of your current restaurant serving customers with its delivery-exclusive menu. You prepare the food in your delivery-only restaurants with no added investments and overheads. Customers order the food on an online ordering platform, and you deliver it through third-party food delivery apps.

Pros and Cons of Virtual Restaurant


  • Optimization: Utilize existing kitchen space and resources to generate additional revenue sources without significant additional costs.
  • Diverse offerings: Introduce new cuisines or concepts without needing a new physical location targeted towards a broader customer base.
  • Cost efficiency: Lower overhead costs since the primary infrastructure is already in place.
  • Ability to experiment with new concepts: From trying out new dishes to starting special meal hours, experimenting with your virtual brand is hassle-free, cost-effective, and less risky.


  • Resource allocation: Sharing kitchen space and staff between the physical restaurant and the virtual brand can lead to operational challenges.
  • Brand confusion: Differentiating the virtual brand from the physical restaurant may require significant marketing efforts.
  • Limited space: The existing kitchen must be capable of handling increased order volumes without compromising service quality.

Ghost Kitchen Vs. Virtual Restaurant: Which One Should You Choose?

If you are a first-time food entrepreneur with no access to an existing kitchen of a brick-and-mortar restaurant, it is best to go with a ghost kitchen strategy. As we explored, it packs in limited investments and resources and is faster to launch.

For a seasoned entrepreneur with one or more chain restaurants, starting a virtual restaurant is a fruitful decision. It lets you leverage your existing resources at optimum capacity to offer a fresh menu and capture new markets without going overboard with your budget.

That said, you can start a ghost kitchen even when you are successfully running your traditional restaurant. Doing so is rewarding, especially when you want to capture consumers in a different geographical area.

How Upper Boost These Two Delivery-Only Models Ensuring Sure Shot Success

The success of ghost kitchens and virtual restaurants is solely dependent on efficient and accurate delivery planning, advanced route optimization considering real-time external factors, and on-time delivery order fulfillment, which leads to utmost customer satisfaction.

Upper Route Planner is a powerful tool that caters to multiple delivery routing needs. With features like customized route planning, advanced optimization, automated driver assignment, and real-time delivery tracking, Upper helps you minimize delivery times, fuel consumption, and chances of deliveries getting missed or failed, ultimately enhancing customer satisfaction. 

Using Upper, you can focus on what you do best—preparing delicious meals—while leaving the logistics to a reliable system.

Benefits of Using Upper Route Planner:

  • Provides optimized routes to reduce unnecessary delivery time
  • Saves hours of manual route planning and vehicle costs by automatically optimizing the most optimal routes
  • Removes communication gaps between delivery teams through built-in chat support
  • Requires minimal training for drivers because of the flexible user interface
  • Sends automated delivery updates to customers and maintains transparency and loyalty
  • Improves overall delivery efficiency


A ghost kitchen or dark kitchen functions as a virtual brand that only prepares meals for delivery or take away. These kitchens are situated in areas according to the concentration of delivery demand. The chef prepares the food and delivery drivers pick up the packages from them and deliver them to the customers.

Ghost kitchen brands are popular because they work as low-cost alternatives for people who want to open a cloud kitchen business but do not have the funds to invest in a full-fledged restaurant space or want to have multiple brands. They focus more on cooking and delivering rather than offering a dine-in experience. Most people now prefer to order food to be delivered at home by Uber Eats or DoorDash. Ghost kitchens work really well for such an audience.

Ghost kitchens or dark kitchens have several benefits:

  • Requires less space
  • Doesn’t require a large team of food service workers
  • Can rely on third party delivery services
  • Minimal investment
  • Lower cost of labor & no additional costs
  • Reduced waste of food

In a debate between a ghost kitchen vs virtual restaurant, the former has an edge, especially for entrepreneurs. Ghost kitchen is only available online which further provides easy access to reach the food buyers. Whereas a virtual restaurant has already existing brick-and-mortar restaurant kitchen which often requires third-party help as far as food delivery is concerned. Hence, a ghost kitchen is a better option for food business owners.

A ghost kitchen operates as a delivery-only food preparation facility without a customer-facing storefront. Orders are placed online, and the kitchen prepares the food for delivery through third-party services or its own delivery fleet.

Ghost kitchens are popular due to their low startup costs, operational flexibility, and the growing demand for online food delivery. They allow entrepreneurs to enter the food industry with minimal investment and adapt quickly to market trends.

Virtual restaurants benefit from optimizing existing kitchen resources, introducing diverse menu offerings, and generating additional revenue without significant new investments.


The rise of ghost kitchens and virtual restaurants is a testament to the evolving food industry landscape. As consumer preferences shift towards convenience and online ordering, these innovative models offer viable solutions for food entrepreneurs. 

Whether you opt for a ghost kitchen or a virtual restaurant, thorough planning and efficient delivery operations are key to success. Tools like Upper Route Planner can ensure your food reaches customers promptly and in perfect condition, helping you thrive in the competitive food delivery market.

Author Bio
Rakesh Patel
Rakesh Patel

Rakesh Patel, author of two defining books on reverse geotagging, is a trusted authority in routing and logistics. His innovative solutions at Upper Route Planner have simplified logistics for businesses across the board. A thought leader in the field, Rakesh's insights are shaping the future of modern-day logistics, making him your go-to expert for all things route optimization. Read more.